Scabies found worldwide is a transmittable skin infection that multiplies quickly in crowded conditions . Personal cleanliness and sanitation is a vital protective measure and access to sufficient water supply is essential to control the spread of disease.
Causes of Scabies
The microscopic mite called Sarcoptes Scabei causes scabies plague. The fertilized feminine mite burrows into the skin, dumping eggs in the tunnel at the back of her. After the eggs hatch, larvae migrate to the skin surface and eventually change into the adult form. A fully developed mite can live up to about a month on a person. Once away from the person body, mite only survives 48-72 hours. The characteristic itchy rash of scabies is an allergic response to the mite. Individuals infested with scabies for the first time typically experience symptoms after 4 to 6 weeks. With subsequent infestation, symptoms appear within days.
Spreading of Scabies
Scabies multiply chiefly by direct skin-to-skin contact and to a less significant amount through getting in touch with infested items of clothing and bedclothes. Atmospheres that are mostly susceptible to the spread of scabies embrace hospitals, childcare facilities and any crowded living conditions. Plague easily passes between sexual partners.
Symptoms of Scabies
The most important indication of the disease is a pimple-like rash most frequently found on the hands, particularly the webbing between the fingers, the skin folds of the wrist, elbow or knee, the penis, the breast or the shoulder. Infestation often causes intense itching all over the body, especially at night. Scratching of the itchy regions may results in sores that may result in contamination of these sores by bacteria. A more harsh type of scabies called Norwegian scabies; it is more common among people with weakened immune systems. In this type of the disease, vesicles are there along with deep crusts over the skin. The itching in this type of scabies may be less harsh or missing.
Treatment of Scabies
Products used to treat scabies are called Scabicides because they kill scabies mites; some also kill mite eggs. Scabicides used to treat human scabies are available only with a doctor’s prescription. No “over-the-counter” (non-prescription) products have been tested and approved to treat scabies. All areas of the body from the neck down to the feet and toes is treated with Scabicide Lotion or Cream. An oral dose of Ivermectin is tremendously effective in curing Scabies. Care of patients taken with Acaricide Ointments preceded by a hot bath with liberal use of soap. Sterilize the infested clothing or wash it in hot soapy water. Bedding, mattresses, sheets and clothes may require dusting with Acaricides. Hygiene remains a central component in the prevention and control of scabies and depends on access to adequate water supply. Since the symptoms of scabies are due to a Hypersensitivity Reaction (Allergy) to mites and their feces (scybala), itching still may continue for several weeks after treatment even if all the mites and eggs are killed. If itching still is present more than 2 to 4 weeks after treatment or if new burrows or pimple-like rash lesions continue to appear, re-treatment may be necessary. Skin sores that become infected should be treated with an appropriate antibiotic prescribed by a doctor.